What are Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine Fibroids are most commonly occurring tumours of the female reproductive system, these are benign (non-cancerous) tumours and are also referred to as uterine myomas, leiomyomas, or fibromas, grow inside, outside or on the walls of the uterus, usually do not cause any major problems and shrink after menopause.

Causes for Uterine Fibroids:

The exact reasons for the development of Uterine Fibroids are not yet known but, it’s believed that the tumours are made up of muscle and fibrous tissue and grow under the influence of the hormone, estrogen.

Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids:

Uterine Fibroids often do not cause any symptoms or cause mild symptoms like heavier menstrual periods than normal, mild lower back pain, some women experience severe symptoms, the following are some of the commonly occurring symptoms of Uterine Fibroids:

  • Prolonged and heavy menstrual periods
  • Lower back pain
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Pelvic pain


Uterine Fibroids may be found by a pelvic examination, however, many diagnostic procedures such as Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and the likes are used to diagnose Uterine Fibroids.


Interventional Radiology for Fibroids:

Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE):

Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE), also known as Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) is a minimally invasive treatment for Fibroids, it is carried out by an Interventional Radiologist. The Interventional Radiologist makes a very fine nick in the groin region through which a catheter is inserted into the Femoral Artery, the whole procedure is done under real-time imaging called fluoroscopy, tiny grain-like particles are then injected through the catheter into the artery that supplies blood to the Fibroid, thus essentially cutting off the blood supply to the Fibroid and causing them to shrink.